Tax Withholding Estimates during Order Entry (Capital Markets)

What's new?

Sellers participating in a private market secondary transaction, such as a tender offer, on the CartaX ATS can now view their estimated tax withholdings* during the Order Entry phase. Equipped with estimated tax information, sellers who are US-based employees will be able to make a more informed decision when determining sell preferences and better anticipate their net proceeds.

How does it work?

Issuers sponsoring a tender offer or another structured transaction will provide Carta with their employees’ city, state, and/or federal jurisdictional tax rates. Carta will use the applicable tax rates to calculate their individual estimated tax withholding. 

As sellers select which of their eligible stock holdings to sell during the Order Entry period, the Proceeds Calculator on the right hand side of the screen will automatically update and calculate what their estimated net proceeds may be after fees and taxes*. 

Sellers can then click on “View tax details” (hyperlink within the red box above) to view a breakdown of the estimated tax withholdings by security type and tax jurisdiction.

Enable your employees to understand their estimated tax obligations earlier in a tender offer when placing their sell orders.

The Tax Withholding Estimates during Order Entry will: 

  • Enable sellers to see how their security elections during the Order Entry period may impact their estimated tax withholdings, and ultimately, expected net proceeds; and
  • Save Issuers time by helping to reduce the amount of questions received from sellers about their potential tax withholding obligations. 

 Reach out to Carta to get the process started

Do you want to run a tender offer or other private secondary transaction with a fully-integrated cap table experience? Reach out to Carta Liquidity’s Corporate Coverage team at company_coverage@cartacapitalmarkets.com to figure out the best path towards liquidity. 


*Note - The estimated tax withholdings is for illustrative purposes only. The withholding amount shown is only an estimate. The actual amount withheld from a seller’s proceeds may differ significantly from the amount shown. Tax withholding is not a final calculation of taxes due. A seller may have a greater or lesser tax obligation than the amount withheld by the Issuer, and the seller is responsible for determining whether and when any additional tax payments are required. 

Disclaimer: Carta, through its wholly owned broker-dealer subsidiary, Carta Capital Markets, LLC, offers a streamlined experience for executing pre-negotiated stock transfers, tender offers, and other secondary liquidity transactions. Carta Capital Markets, LLC is a member of FINRA/SIPC.

Issuer Transaction Dashboard (Capital Markets)

What's new?

Issuers running a secondary transaction, such as a tender offer, through Carta Liquidity on the CartaX ATS can now access on demand real-time seller participation data during a live transaction via the Issuer Transaction Dashboard (“Dashboard”). 

How does it work?

Issuers can access their brokerage account online and click on their live transaction, where they will see their Dashboard. The “Participation overview” tab includes three key sections:

  • Participation breakdown: The pie chart provides a summary of the transaction’s subscription rate by Relationship type. Issuers can quickly see how close the transaction is to being fully subscribed. Relationship type is determined during the transaction’s setup period.
  • Participant engagement: The bar chart details the number of sellers who (a) have been invited to the transaction, (b) viewed the transaction, and (c) decided to participate by tendering shares.
  • Relationship summary: The table summarizes the participation level across all Relationship types. Details include the participation rate, shares tendered, and the notional value of tendered shares.

The table and charts on this page will update in real-time during the live transaction. 

The “Transaction overview” tab of the Dashboard will be accessible at the close of the offering period and provides a summary of the transaction, including a breakdown of deposits made into the Issuer’s brokerage account. Issuers will be able to access and download their Trade Confirmation and Transaction Summary reports here as well.  

 

Save time and gain real-time transaction and participation data on demand with the Issuer Transaction Dashboard

The Issuer Transaction Dashboard will: 

  • Give you real-time transaction and participation data on demand during a live transaction;
  • Provide you with full oversight and enhance your foresight over the transaction’s results related to filling a buy order; and 
  • Make it easier for you to provide your team with updates on a transaction and Relationship type level, preserving the confidentiality of individual seller activity.

Reach out to Carta to get the process started

Do you want to run a tender offer or other private secondary transaction with a fully-integrated cap table experience? Reach out to Carta Liquidity’s Corporate Coverage team at company_coverage@cartacapitalmarkets.com to figure out the best path towards liquidity. 

 

Disclaimer: Carta, through its wholly owned broker-dealer subsidiary, Carta Capital Markets, LLC, offers a streamlined experience for executing pre-negotiated stock transfers, tender offers, and other secondary liquidity transactions. Carta Capital Markets, LLC is a member of FINRA/SIPC.

Account Recovery Measures

Who This Affects

Users without a verified secondary email address

What’s New

Additional emails are required to assist users with providing a secondary login credential in case access to their primary email address is lost. As part of our efforts to improve our clients' account security, we are updating the process of adding and verifying your additional email address. 

As part of this release, we will be notifying all users without a verified additional email address to add or verify the email they have listed. This subset of users will be receiving an email notification, as well as an outstanding task in their Carta account’s task manager. 


Timing

  • This update is available to 25% of randomly selected Carta users
  • General availability for all users by the end of Q2

Disqualifying Disposition Report - Private Companies

What’s new

Private companies can now report the complete list of all ISO dispositions and see exactly which dispositions qualify for tax incentives and which ones do not, along with Ordinary Income value and other information.

How it works

Under Capitalization > Reports, find the Disqualifying Disposition Report (ISO):

Select the reporting date range, acknowledge the report’s use of in-platform securities and transactions, and then export the report to Excel:

When the report finishes generating, it will be available in the Downloads menu:

The report shows info on Disposition Type, Ordinary Income, FMV and more. In order to be completely transparent, Excel formulas are used for Disposition Type, Ordinary income, First Qualifying Disposition Date, and Disqualifying Reason fields to show how they are calculated:

Who this affects

Private companies with tender offers or secondary ISO transactions captured in Carta.

Timing

Available now for all Private market customers (the Public market Disqualifying Disposition Report is available at request as part of the Early Access release).

Additional resources

For more information around the Disqualifying Disposition Report and underlying data, please refer to this support article.

New Updated User Roles

Soon, Carta customers will start seeing an expanded set of Roles to help you reflect the different individuals who are handling different aspects of Cap Table management.

For now, users assigned to new roles will serve as point of contact for their areas. Over time, these individuals will see updated experiences and be guided to relevant Carta tools.

To see this experience, Navigate to "Company > Permissions and Roles > Roles"

Carta Web now has Section 6039: Form 3922 tax form generation

What's new? 

Carta Web now supports the generation of Form 3922 for Employee Stock Purchase Plans in the Company Administrator view. Companies that would normally have access to the Compliance tab, can now request access to Section 6039 from their Customer Success Managers. Form 3922 forms are due to stakeholder portfolios by January 31, 2022. By enabling this functionality in Carta Web, administrators are now in control of the Form 3922 generation and distribution, similar to Form 3921 for Incentive Stock Option Exercises.

NOTE: This feature can be enabled upon request from companies that have an Employee Stock Purchase Plan.

From the IRS:

Corporations file this form (3922) for each transfer of the legal title of a share of stock acquired by the employee pursuant to the employee's exercise of an option granted under an employee stock purchase plan and described in section 423(c) (where the exercise price is less than 100% of the value of the stock on the date of grant, or is not fixed or determinable on the date of grant).

How to Use

  1. To generate Form 3922, navigate to Compliance > Section 6039.
    NOTE: TCC is not required to generate Form 3922 Copy B for employees.
     
  2. Click Generate.
     
  3. Select the Effective Year of the report.
     
  4. Review any missing information, check off the box to confirm company data, then click Next: add contact info. If any information is missing, complete the information, then return to this stage.
     
  • If Company tax data is not complete:

    1. Navigate to Company > Settings.
    2. Click into the Profile tab.
    3. Enter Tax ID, TCC (required to generate Copy A, but not required for Copy B) and address.

  • If Stakeholder tax details are not complete, update missing data under the Stakeholder details tab of the same Form 3922 page

    1. The names, addresses, and SSNs can be edited individually by clicking Edit to the right of the stakeholder’s row.
    2. The stakeholder details can also be updated in bulk via Stakeholders > All stakeholders page. Review these instructions to bulk update stakeholder details.

 

5. If the missing data was entered in, return to the Compliance > Section 6039 page and click Generate to click through the steps to proceed and add company contact information. The company contact is formatted into the electronic Copy A .txt file that will be uploaded to the IRS site.


Click Generate Form 3922 to begin the generation of the files.

 

6. Refresh the page after some time if you see a spinning wheel or navigate away and return later.

 

7. Once generated, click Download reports for the tax year to download a .zip file to your local drive that contains all necessary data for Copy A (efile), and Copy B (statements).

 

The .zip file will be split out into the following three files:

  • efile will be a specially formatted electronic .txt file.
    NOTE: Do not edit this file. Only download and upload to the IRS FIRE site. If any data needs to be updated, repeat the initial steps for the same filing tax year to regenerate the reports and download the updated files.
     
  • statements should be delivered to all holders who acquired stock through an ESPP by the January 31st deadline and can be delivered electronically on Carta by clicking the link to Deliver participant statements

 

For any filing questions, contact your tax advisor. 


Who this affects

Public and Private Market companies with an ESPP. 

Timing

This feature can be enabled on demand by reaching out to our support team or Customer Success Managers.

What's Next

The product team will be enhancing Form 3921 functionality to bring it more in line with the new Section 6039 admin experience.   

Improved Public Exercising Experience

Option exercising with Public companies is now easier than ever. 

The exercising experience for public companies has been improved. The exercise request is now a coherent workflow guiding users through each step and providing key information about the exercise. With this detail, users can be more confident with their selection at each step of the exercise request. If there are issues with the exercise, clearer banners explain how Carta calculates share amounts and market prices.


Who this affects: 🇺🇸 Public US companies

What's new:

  • New experience for exercise requests:

    • Added explanations of exercise transaction methods
    • Clearer confirmation of address and payout method
    • Improved order details with indicators on maximum eligible options and clear explanation of order types
    • Incorporated review of taxes withheld and reminder of potential for additional taxes owed at end of the year
    • Summarized the exercise request clearly laying out the cost and transaction details so users understand what will be needed 
  • Cashless exercising reflects issuer imposed trade limits

Action required: No action required

Timing: Released to 100% of all public companies on Jan 24, 2022

1099B Cost Basis Report available to Company Admins

What’s new?

We are releasing a report to all Private Market companies for administrators to review their certificate cost basis and original acquisition dates. This report will allow administrators to view cost basis data prior to the delivery of 1099B tax statements to stakeholders by mid-February.

How it works

This in-app report is available by navigating from Capitalization -> Reporting -> Form 1099b cost basis report.

Administrators will be able to view columns like stakeholder details, certificate ID's, quantity of shares sold, date acquired (original acquisition date), proceeds, gain/loss, and including various cost basis fields: 

  • cost_basis_total_certificate = full value going back to the original certificate
  • cost_basis_per_share = cost basis of total certificate / total shares quantity
  • cost_basis_sold_certificate = cost basis per share X sold shares quantity

From this report, Issuers can identify which certificates need to be changed and/or excluded from tax filing, and will have the opportunity to correct the data until late-January.

Who does this impact?

This report will be available to individuals with role permissions of Company Admin, and including Company Editors.

What’s next?

In the next month, Carta's Liquidity team will be reaching out to ensure that data has been reviewed and is considered approved by Issuers for generating 1099B statements. Stakeholders will be able to access tax statements in their portfolios by mid-February.

Tracking Share Class Changes

Private market issuers that go-live on or after 11/09/2021 can now track updates to company share classes’ rights and preferences as they are changed over time. This feature will roll out to other issuers in the next few weeks.

Users with the Legal administrator permissions will be able to make changes to the share class details. Users with the Company editor or Company viewer permissions will only be able to view the share class details.


Experience Overview


  1. Navigate to Securities > Shares.
  2. Click Manage share classes and select Create/edit share classes.
  3. The in-app spreadsheet loads in view-only mode, to prevent accidental input, which is indicated by the grey rows.
  4. Create a new share class by clicking on the related button on the top-right of the screen.
     
  5. To make edits to the share class details, click the Edit to the right of the AOI version date and name. If editing from the active AOI version, Admins will have the ability to reflect both a clerical error or amendment

    1. If you are editing a past AOI version, Admins will only be able to make edits because of a clerical error.
    2. If reflecting an amendment, Admins will be able to upload the related Articles of Incorporation (AOI) or select one from the Library page. In addition, a name can be added to the AOI version.
    3. Click Continue to save.

  6. At this point, the Admin can make changes in the spreadsheet. The side-panel will expand to show helpful content related to the selected cell.
    Cells that are painted light gray cannot be edited because the data may be in-use, a calculated value, or not applicable. Respectively, examples include share class names, the calculated outstanding value, and conversion price for common shares. Reference your AOI or contact your legal partner if you need help filling out this spreadsheet.
  7. After edits have been completed, click Finish editing and save.

Carta will check your entries for any errors and provide actionable messaging to help you make corrections.

  1. Review the summary of changes, then click Confirm and save. No email notifications are sent due to the changes.
  2. Admins can navigate between AOI versions with the AOI version selector, which will show the filing date and version name as dropdown options.


Carta will be making improvements to tracking the company’s cap table, financing history, and reporting in the next few months to incorporate time-versioned share class information.

Have questions? Read about FAQs in our support article.


Adjust taxes for option exercises

What’s new

Companies can now adjust taxes for option exercises previously approved in Carta.

Legal administrators can navigate to the Exercises ledger (Transactions > Exercises) and select "Adjust taxes" within a ledger row dropdown to find the new tool:


How it works

The "Adjust taxes" tool will not be available for option exercises in the "Requested" status since option exercise approvers can adjust taxes as part of the exercise approval workflow.

For ACH option exercises already approved by the company or for company-entered manual exercises, the "Adjust taxes" tool will be available for use.

After a legal administrator selects "Adjust taxes" from the Exercises ledger, they'll see the following modal:

The legal administrator will be asked to provide a reason for the adjustment. Next, the following actions are available:

  • Un-check a box next to a tax type to remove it from the option exercise
  • Re-check a box to re-add a previously removed tax type to the option exercise
  • Update the specific tax withholding amount in the "Adjusted" column
  • Select "Add another tax type" to add a new tax type to the option exercise

Note that new tax types can't be added from this modal. If you'd like to add a new tax type to the exercise, add it first in the Tax rules page (Compliance > Tax rules) and then come back to the "Adjust taxes" tool to add it to the option exercise.

Once the adjustment has been saved, both the company and the stakeholder will see a blue banner when viewing the option grant. The banner contains information about the newly adjusted tax amount and exercise cost in addition to when the adjustment was entered in Carta:

Adjusted tax amounts will also be reflected in the "Exercised and settled report" and the "Tax withholding report" (Capitalization > Reporting).

For more information, check out the support article for the new "Adjust taxes" tool: https://support.carta.com/s/article/adjust-taxes-option-exercises

Who this affects

Private and public companies that issue option grants.

Timing

Available to all companies now.

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